Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) comes into existence after the passing of the CAB bill with the majority in parliament to amend the definition of illegal immigrants for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist, and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation and identification. The CAA will not apply to states that have the inner-line permit regime like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, etc..
On the primary hearing for petitions challenging the CAA, the Supreme Court declined to stay the contentious law but also asked the Centre to file its reply against the petitions which say it violates the Constitution. All the petitioners say the Bill discriminates against Muslims and violates the right to equality enshrined in the Constitution.
The purpose of CAA.
The legislation applies to those people who were “forced or compelled to seek shelter in India due to persecution on the ground of religion”. This act aims to protect such people from proceedings of illegal migration. The cut-off date for citizenship is December 31, 2014, which says that the applicant should have entered India on or before that date.
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Indian citizenship, under this law, is given either to those who born in India or if they have resided in the country for a minimum of 5 years and above. With the help of this new Bill (CAA) Indian parliament also proposed to add a sub-section (d) into Section 7, providing for rejection of the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) registration. where the OCI card-holder has violated any provision and rule of the Citizenship Act or any other law in force to reside in India.